When I was a teenager and in high school (about grade 9), I was a junior. We all know what that time is like, first year, new school, maybe the same friends from junior high. Maybe even an opportunity to make new friends. So it’s a vulnerable time for a 15 year old girl.
One day I went to my dad and told him I needed some money for a haircut. I have had problem hair since I was a child. I only later in life knew how to care for it. No thanks to my parents. My father had decided he was gonna do it himself. This is where the Hats come in.
I didn’t have enough money for a haircut, but I certainly had enough for a vintage sailor’s cap. I wore the cap for 3 months straight at school. And I went to a school with uniforms. But they did not have a rule about not wearing hats back in the early 80s.
I guess this was my first real hat. Because I bought it with my own money. I went to a vintage store to get it. And I chose one that best suited my face and still looked cool.
It was black, made of wool. It had the braided band across the front just above the jutting cap. It fit perfectly and I loved it for three months, till my hair grew back. It’s called a Breton Sailor’s Cap.
I am learning about the different types of hats that are available. And there are a lot of hat types or head gear, from baseball caps to the Panama. There are hats for leisure wear and there are hats for formal wear, like the Kentucky Derby. I have chosen just the basic and common hat styles, some of them are the foundation to other more elaborate hats.
The Cloche: The basic cloche was a close-fitting hat with deep crowns that clung over the wearer’s brow.
The Beret: The beret had no brim and a soft, lopsided top.
The Bowler: Oval hat with round, rigid crown and modeled brim. Also known as a derby, because the style was made popular by the Earl of Derby in 19th. century England.
The Gainsborough: Gainsboroughs were wide, ornate hats and were commonly adorned with an abundance of feathers.
The Pillbox: It was shaped like a shortened cylinder with a flat top and no brim.
The Fedora: The fedora featured a medium-width snap brim and a band around the crown.
The Skimmer: They featured flat tops and rigid flat brims, and were made of straw braid.
The Snood: A snood was a simple band that kept long hair away from the wearer’s face, such as an ornamental hair net.
The Bretton: ample round crown and brim turned-up all around
The Bonnet: The spoon bonnet’s high brim and narrow sides gave way to drawn bonnets with more ovoid shapes. The Derby:
The Tophat: Tall, cylindrical, flat-topped hat with modeled brim.
The Poorboy: Large, soft, 6 or 8 panel fabric cap with visor and peak snap. Sometimes with ear flaps. Also called a newsboy.
The Tryolean: It has a cord band and plumage and is, once again, most appropriate for casual or sports wear.
The Derby a.k.a the Bowler: is a dressy, stylish hat that gives it wearer a definite British flavour.
The Panama: Straw hat made with panama cloche.
The Porkpie: received its name from the groove surrounding the flattened top of the crown (hence the English pastry allusion). it has a round, flat-topped crown and a small brim turned up all around.
The Fedora: Felt hat with a lengthwise crease in the crown, and a medium brim.
The Cowboy: high crown and wide brim, originally worn by cow hands. Usually of felt, leather or straw.
The Homburg: A soft, elegant, felt hat with tapered, creased crown and rolled brim that has a bound edge.
The Ben Hogan: English driving cap, Low–profile cap, with small brim at the front.
There are many more styles of head-gear and hats, here is list in Alphabetical order:
(If you know of anymore please leave a comment and I will add it to the lists)
Cloth cap with wide brim at the front. Originally a 5-panel cap, worn by baseball players with the team monogram on the front panel.
A straw hat
Men’s hats of the late 18th. And early century> wide brims were folded up to form two points. Signature hat of Napoleon.
A small hat with stiffened veiling surrounding the wearer’s face.
Square cap worn by clergy
Red cap worn during the French Revolution as a symbol of liberty.
Fabric hat with a flat-topped, slightly conical crown sloping brim.
Official head-dress of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police made by Biltmore Hats.
A hat without a brim, or a small brim at the front.
A wide-brimmed, plumed hat worn by cavaliers in the 17th. century> the right side of the brim was pinned up to the crown so that the wearer’s sword arm could move more freely above the shoulder.
Cap of fur with flaps that can be turned down to cover ears and neck or fastened to the side of the flat-topped crown.
White, starched bonnet worn by chefs. The tall crown should have 100 pleats.
A short visor cap with a protective flap at the back, derived from a hat worn by English coal deliverers to protect their backs from dust.
Bicorne or tricorne
A small, often frivolous, hat for women, usually worn forward on the head.
Collapsible top hat
A hunting cap with visors at the front and back, and ear-flaps that can be tied up over the crown. Also known as Sherlock Holmes hat.
Conical, flat-topped cap of fed felt, once made only in the city of Fez, Marocco. Men’s headcover.
English driving cap
Military cap with a small brim, also typical for police uniforms.
English Driving Cap
A black felt hat with a wide flat brim and shallow flat-topped crown.
Collapsible Top Hat
A Scottish cap with pointed front, usually a pair of trailing ribbons at the back.
Lightweight muslin hats sized with shellac and used as bodies for silk plush hats.
Protective head-cover for soldiers, aviators, motor-cyclists, miners, bee-keepers, fencers, etc. Military head-dress.
English Driving Cap
Cloth cap with close-fitting 6 panel crown and wide brim at the front.
Head-cover worn by bishops, characterized by two peaks.
Flat, square head-cover worn by professors and students for solemn academic occasions.
Large, soft, 8-panel fabric cap with visor.
Men’s cap worn informally indoors from the 16th. to the 19th. century. The cap had a deep crown made of four segments, with the edge turned up to form a closed brim.
A hat with a very wide brim, worn tilted to the side of the head.
Helmet of cork or pith (dried spongy tissue from the sola plant), covered with cloth.
A brim turned up on one side only, front, back or side. See also releve.
Black felt hat with high conical crown and narrow straight brim, worn by the Puritans during the 17th. century. It was usually trimmed with a buckle at the front.
Word of French origin, referring to brim, softly turned-up at the front on one side of the hat.
A brim turned up symmetrically all around the hat.
Small, close-fitting cap of fabric, knit or crochet. When made of fabric it usually has six gores.
A soft hat with a high crown and drooping flexible brim. Also called a Garbo hat, from the name of the actress who wore the style in many films.
Men’s pillbox shape cap, worn during the 19th. century to prevent the hair from smelling of tobacco.
A brim which can be bent into various positions, such as fedora.
Mexican hat with a high, conical crown and very wide brim. Usually of straw or felt.
Knitted cap, usually conical, often finished with a pompom.
A tall 19th. century top hat, made popular by the U.S. President Abraham Lincoln.
Beret with close-fitting headband, usually trimmed with a pompom.
Ten Gallon Hat
Small hat for women with no brim, or small turned-up brim.
Men’s hat of the 18th. century-wide brims were folded up to form three points.
Typical head-dress for Muslin and Sikh men, constructed by winding a long scarf around the head. Women’s head-dress resembling men’s turbans.
Cloth, often transparent, or netting used to cover the head and/or the face, for women’s head-dress.
A partial brim, usually extending out at the front of a hat or cap. Also known as a peak.
Head covering worn by nuns, usually of linen or silk, arranged in folds. Formerly worn by other women as well.
Skull-cap worn by Jewish men. Also known as kippah.
Skull-cap worn by Roman Catholic clergy> black for priests, purple for bishops, reed for cardinals and white for the pope.
I have included a hat chart as well:
Hold the end of a flexible tape measure to the middle of your forehead. If you only have a standard metallic tape measure, use a piece of string.Wrap the tape or string around your head until it meets the starting point, just above your ears, resting right at the point where you want your hat to rest — anywhere from 1/8 inches to 1/2 inches above the ears. Make sure the tape measure or string is snug around your head, but don’t gather it too tightly. Jot down the measurement. If you used a piece of string, measure the string against a standard tape measure or ruler. That measurement is your hat size.
I, now own a dark brown Wool felt with pile Fedora. I bought it in a vintage store in Vancouver about 7 years ago. It’s still in very good condition, even though I do not have a hat box to keep it in.
Till Next Week: ILGWU. What does that mean?